Paper Title
Uniform and Rotation Invariant Texture Model for Material Recognition

Local binary pattern (LBP) and its variants have shown promising results in visual recognition applications. However, most existing approaches rely on a pre-defined structure to extract LBP features. We argue that the optimal LBP structure should be task-dependent and propose a new method to learn discriminative LBP structures. We formulate it as a point selection problem: Given a set of point candidates, the goal is to select an optimal subset to compose the LBP structure. In view of the problems of current feature selection algorithms, we propose a novel Maximal Joint Mutual Information criterion. Then, the point selection is converted into a binary quadratic programming problem and solved efficiently via the branch and bound algorithm. The proposed LBP structures demonstrate superior performance to the state-of-the-art approaches on classifying both spatial patterns in scene recognition and spatial-temporal patterns in dynamic texture recognition. Keywords- LBP structure optimization, maximal joint mutual information, binary quadratic programming, scene recognition, dynamic texture recognition