Paper Title
Tuning Of PID Controllers Using Particle Swarm Optimization

PID controllers are most popular controllers because of simplicity of implementation and broad applicability. In order to obtain the desired control performance correct tuning of PID controller is very important. There are many tuning algorithms available for tuning the PID controller. Most of the tuning processes are implemented manually. These processes are difficult and time consuming. Soft computing techniques have been widely used to tune the parameters of PID. In this paper parameters of PID controller are tuned using soft computing technique which is Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO). The optimal PID control parameters are applied for a composition control system. The performance of the technique is evaluated by setting its objective function with Integral Square Error (ISE), Integral Absolute Error (IAE), Integral of Time multiplied by Absolute Error (ITAE). This paper also compares performance of tuned PID controller using PSO with Ziegler-Nichols method. Keywords- PID Controller, Ziegler-Nichols method Particle Swarm Optimization.